Design Process Steps from Wikipedia

Competencies

Information design draws on a widerange of competencies that are seldom possessed by a single person. For thisreason, information designerstend to work on information products in teams thatinclude specialists and other information designers.

Research:

  • Using, commissioning, co-ordinating and understanding research. All design involves research as an initial stage
  • Information design research is likely to involve some or all of
    • Business process investigation and analysis
    • Qualitative and quantitative user research
    • Reference to existing academic research (e.g., ergonomics, cognitive and perceptual psychology)
    • Craft knowledge: what has been tried before

Transformation:

  • Using words, diagrams, type, and sequencing to restructure messages so that they tell a story more effectively

Writing for clear communication:

  • Writing or editing to make messages clear, unambiguous and understandable by their intended audience(s)

Graphic and typographic design:

  • Designing the appearance of an information product so that users can find what they want and understand it when they get there

Information visualization:

  • Creating graphic displays that turn data into lucid information

Prototyping:

  • Making preliminary visualizations, models, and prototypes that facilitate discussion and useful testing

Testing:

  • Understanding a range of techniques for testing prototypes and finished information products with their intended audiences. There is a wide range of techniques, which vary according to the medium used and the intended process and audience(s). Designers must select and manage suitable methods for each project.

Co-ordination:

  • The ability to work well with a range of specialties and yet to act as 'professional amateur' in such teams, representing the user

Accessibility:

  • Understanding what accessibility means for an intended audience
  • The ability to assess risk realistically. Information design is actually all about accessibility in the wider sense.

Specification:

  • Understanding chosen production media and processes
  • The ability to specify to production specialists in a wide range of industries (print, video, software, web, product manufacturers) clearly and efficiently

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